Synopsis of Hypophysial Hormones and Hypothalamic Regulators
Hormone Acronym Hypophysial Cell Type Hypothalamic Regulator(s) Hormonal Function(s)
Corticotropin, Adrenocorticotropin ACTH Corticotrope +Corticotropin Releasing Hormone, Corticoliberin (CRH); + Interleukin 1 ; - Glucocortical Steroids (via CRH); + Vasopressin; + PACAP Stimulates glucocorticoid production by adrenal fasiculata & reticularis
Thyrotropin, Thyroid Stimulating Hormone TSH Thyrotrope -Thyroxine (T4); +Thyroid Releasing Hormone, Thyroliberin (TRH); -Somatostatin (SS)  Stimulates thyroxine production by thyroid
Prolactin, Mammotropin, Luteotropin PRL Lactotrope; Mammotrope -Dopamine; + TRH; - SS; + Estrogens; + Oxytocin Stimulates milk synthesis by secretory epithelium of breast; supports corpus luteum function
Somatotropin, Growth Hormone GH Somatotrope + Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone, Somatoliberin (GHRH); - SS; + PACAP Stimulates somatic growth, supports intermediary metabolism
Follitropin, Follicle Stimulating Hormone FSH Gonadotrope + Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone, Luteinizing Hormone Releasing Hormone, Gonadoliberin (GnRH, LHRH); - Inhibin; - Sex steroids (via LHRH)  Supports growth of ovarian follicles & estradiol production; Supports Sertoli cell function & spermatogenesis
Lutropin, Luteinizing Hormone LH Gonadotrope + GnRH (LHRH); - Sex steroids (via LHRH in & ); + Estradiol in near midcycle Supports late follicular development, ovulation, & corpus luteum function (especially progesterone synthesis); Supports testosterone synthesis, Leydig cell 
Melanotropin, Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone MSH Melanotrope + CRH Supports dispersal & synthesis of pigment in melanocytes; may alter adrenal response to ACTH